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Ice hockey can be developed from field hockey played in Northern Europe for centuries.


Modern ice hockey rules were invented by James Creighton (Canadians). In 1875, the first ice hockey game played under Creighton’s rules took place in Montreal, Canada. The match was held at Victoria Skating Rink between two teams with 9 players on each side, including James Creighton and some McGill University students. Round pieces of wood are used for matches instead of balls.

Kết quả hình ảnh cho The development history of ice hockey

McGill University Hockey Club was the first ice hockey club. It is founded in 1877 and followed by Quebec Bulldogs. In 1880, the number of players on each side decreased from 9 players to 7. The number of teams increased sharply enough to be the first ice hockey “world championship” to be held at the annual Winter Festival. of Montreal in 1883. The McGill team won the championship and was awarded the “Carnival Cup”. Each match is divided into 2 halves of 30 minutes each. In 1886, the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association (AHAC) was formed.

In 1888, Governor-General of Canada, Preston’s Princess Stanley (his son and daughter all enjoyed hockey) for the first time attending the Montreal Winter tournament and was impressed by the sport. In 1892, he found that there was no recognition for the best team in Canada, so he bought a silver bowl to use as a trophy. The Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup (later known as Stanley Cup) was first awarded in 1893 to the Montreal Hockey Club, the champion of AHAC. Every year, the trophy is awarded to the champion team of the National Hockey League.

Kết quả hình ảnh cho The development history of ice hockey

Today, ice hockey is the official sport in the Olympics and the most popular team sport on ice. Modern ice hockey has only 6 players per team. The objective of the 2 teams playing is to hit the hockey ball into the opponent’s net. The net is protected by a special player called the goalkeeper.

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